A Pileus, Pilleus or Pilleum in Latin, is a brimless, felt cap worn in Ancient Greece, Etruria, Illyria, Pannonia and surrounding regions, later also in Ancient Rome.
During the 5th century BC, a bronze pileus appeared in Ancient Greece and it becoming a popular infantry helmet, often adorned with a horsehair crest.
The Greek pilidion and Latin pilleolus were smaller versions, similar to a skullcap. The plis worn today in Albania and Kosovo is thought to originate from a similar felt cap worn by the ancient Illyrians.
Other names for Pileus
Famous Pileus wearers
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