Hat Design

Hats come in many shapes and sizes, but most have typical features with a typical hat consisting of four main parts (crown, brim, band and pinch/crease) and two internal features (sweatband and lining).


The part of a hat covering the top of the head.

Crown shapes

There are many styles of crown with the most basic being open or round crown which features no creases. More complex crowns are Centre crease, Diamond, Teardrop, Flat crown, Flat top, Telescope and many more.

Peak, visor or bill

A stiff projection at the front, to shade or shield the eyes from sun and rain. A common feature of caps as well as hats.


A projection of stiff material from the bottom of the hat’s crown horizontally all around the circumference of the hat.

Hatband, Band, Puggaree or Riband

A ribbon or band that runs around the bottom of the crown above the brim. Often made of grosgrain or petersham.


The strip of leather, ribbon or other material attached to the inner circumference of the hat to stop sweat from contacting the main body of the hat and may be adjustable with a cord or rope on certain hats.


Some hats have a silk lining often bearing the maker’s name and label.