Akubra Australian felt hat with a wide brim.
Balaclava A form of headgear covering the whole head, exposing only the face or upper part of it, and sometimes only the eyes. Also known as a ski mask.
Barretina A traditional style, in red it is now used as a symbol of Catalan identity. It is worn with the top flopping down.
Baseball cap A type of soft cap with a long, stiffened and curved peak.
Beanie A brimless cap with a small visor once popular among school boys.
Bearskin The tall, furry, full dress uniform hat of the Brigade of Guards designed to protect the footguards against sword-cuts, commonly seen at Buckingham Palace.
Balmoral bonnet Traditional Scottish bonnet or cap worn with Scottish Highland dress.
Beaver hat Hats made of felted beaver fur.
Beret Soft round cap, usually of wool felt, with a flat crown, worn by both men and women and traditionally associated with France. Also used in the military.
Bicorne Military hat with two corners, also known as a cocked hat.
Biretta A square cap with three or four ridges or peaks worn by Roman Catholic clergy and some Anglican and Lutheran clergy.
Boater Flat-brimmed and flat-topped straw hat, formerly worn by seamen, and now mostly at summer regattas or garden parties, often with a ribbon in club or college colours.
Boonie hat A soft cotton wide-brim hat commonly used by militaries. Similar to a bucket hat.
Boss of the plains A lightweight all-weather hat designed by John B. Stetson for the demands of the American west.
Bowler / Derby A hard felt hat with a rounded crown created in 1850 by Lock’s of St James’s, the hatters to Thomas Coke, 2nd Earl of Leicester, for his servants. Sometimes known as a derby hat.
Bucket hat A soft cotton hat with a wide, downwards-sloping brim.
Busby A small fur military hat.
Capotain A hat worn from the 1590s through the 1640s in England and Northwestern Europe. It is also commonly called a Pilgrim hat.
Casquette A small-peaked cap often worn by cyclists.
Caubeen A British military headdress, also worn in Canadian army. A pipe band in California wear a headdress with the same name
Chullo Peruvian or Bolivian hat with ear-flaps made from vicuña, alpaca, llama or sheep’s wool.
Chupalla Straw hat made in Chile.
Cloche hat Popular bell-shaped ladies hat of the 1920s.
Cordobés Flat-brimmed and flat-topped traditional hat originating from Córdoba, Spain, associated with Flamenco and popularised by characters such as the fictional Zorro.
Conical Asian hat Simple straw hat associated with East and Southeast Asia.
Cowboy hat High-crowned, wide-brimmed hat, with a sweatband on the inside, and a decorative hat band on the outside. Customised by creasing the crown and rolling the brim.
Custodian helmet Police helmet worn by British constables while on foot patrol.
Deerstalker Warm close-fitting tweed cap designed for hunting in the wet and windy Scottish climate, with brims in front and behind, and ear flaps which can be tied together either over the crown or under the chin; anachronistically associated with Sherlock Holmes.
Dunce cap A hat that was used to punish and humiliate students in school during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. It is shaped like a cone and often has a big capital ‘D’ inscribed on the front.
Fascinator A small hat commonly made with feathers, flowers and/or beads. It attaches to the hair by a comb, headband or clip.
Fedora A soft felt hat with a lengthwise crease.
Fez Red felt hat in the shape of a truncated cone.
Flat cap A soft, round men’s cap with a small brim in front.
Gat A traditional Korean hat worn by men.
Gatsby A soft brimmed hat popular in New York after the turn of the century made from eight quarter panels. Also known as a newsboy cap.
Garrison or Forage cap A foldable cloth cap with straight sides and a creased or hollow crown.
Gaung Paung Headwrap worn by the Bamar, Mon people, Rakhine and Shan peoples.
Ghutrah Three piece ensemble consisting of a Thagiyah skull cap, Gutrah scarf, and Ogal black band. Gutrahs are plain white or checkered, denoting ethnic or national identities.
Hard hat A helmet predominantly used in workplace environments, such as construction sites, to protect the head from injury by falling objects, debris and bad weather.
Hardee hat Also known as the 1858 Dress Hat. Regulation hat for Union soldiers during the American Civil War.
Homburg A semi-formal hat with a crease and no dents.
Kepi A French military hat with a flat, circular top and visor.
Kippah or Yarmulke A small close-fitting skullcap worn by religious Jews.
Kolpik Brown fur hat worn by Hassidic Jews.
Kova tembel Cloth hat worn by Israeli pioneers and kibbutzniks.
Montera A crocheted hat worn by bullfighters.
Mortarboard Flat, square hat with a tassel worn as part of academic dress.
Pakul Round, rolled wool hat with a flat top, associated with Afghanistan and the Mujahideen.
Panama Straw hat made in Ecuador.
Peaked cap A military style cap with a crown, band and peak (also called a visor). It is used by many militaries of the world as well as law enforcement, as well as some people in service professions who wear uniforms.
Phrygian Cap A soft conical cap pulled forward. In sculpture, paintings and caricatures it represents freedom and the pursuit of liberty. The popular comic / cartoon characters The Smurfs, are famous for their white Phrygian caps. Their leader, Papa Smurf wears a red one.
Pith Helmet A lightweight cloth-covered helmet made of cork or pith.
Porkpie Circular, flat topped hat.
Sami hat Also known as a “Four Winds” hat, traditional men’s hat of the Sami people. Šajkača Serbian national hat.
Salakot A traditional hat in the Philippines.
Santa Hat A floppy pointed red hat trimmed in white fur traditionally associated with Christmas.
Shako A tall cylindrical military cap, usually with a visor, badge, and plume.
Shtreimel A fur hat worn by married Hassidic men on Shabbat and holidays.
Slouch Generic term covering wide-brimmed felt-crowned hats often worn by military leaders.
Sombrero A Mexican hat with a conical crown and a saucer-shaped brim, highly embroidered made of plush felt.
Student cap A cap worn by university students in various European countries.
Tam o’ Shanter A Scottish wool hat originally worn by men.
Taqiyah A round fabric cap worn by Muslim men.
Top hat A tall, flat-crowned, cylindrical hat worn by men in the 19th and early 20th centuries, now worn only with morning dress or evening dress.
Toque A tall, pleated, brimless, cylindrical hat traditionally worn by chefs.
Trilby A soft felt men’s hat with a deeply indented crown and a narrow brim often upturned at the back.
Tricorne A soft hat with a broad brim, pinned up on either side of the head and at the back, producing a triangular shape.
Trucker hat Similar to a baseball cap, usually with a foam brim and front section and a breathable mesh back section.
Tudor bonnet A soft round black academic cap, with a tassel hanging from a cord attached to the centre of the top of the hat.
Tuque A knitted hat, worn in winter, usually made from wool or acrylic. Also known as a ski cap, knit hat, knit cap, sock cap, stocking cap, toboggan, watch cap, or goobalini.
Turban A headdress consisting of a scarf-like single piece of cloth wound around either the head itself or an inner hat.
Tyrolean hat A felt hat originating from the Alps.
Ushanka Russian fur hat with fold down ear flaps.
Vueltiao A Colombian hat of woven and sewn black and khaki dried palm braids with indigenous figures.
Zucchetto Skullcap worn by clerics.